Today in Irish history

Today in Irish History features:
2001- A monument is unveiled in Inniscarra, Co.Cork, in honor of Hugh Maguire, an Ulster chief who was killed in 1600, the year before the famous Battle of Kinsale. It is believed by many that, had he survived to fight, the result of the failed Battle for Gaelic freedom would have been different and changed the course of European history. “He was the Rommel of the 1600’s”-Sean O’ Ceallachain of the Hugh Maguire Commemoration Committee.

Hugh Maguire (died 1600) was the Lord of Fermanagh in Ireland during the reign of Elizabeth I and leader of the ancient Maguire clan; he died fighting crown authority during the Nine Years War.

Maguire’s country was in the southern part of the province of Ulster, a terrain difficult of access as it was covered with forest, lakes and rivers. The crown authorities made sporadic attempts to subdue the clan, and in 1586 Maguire surrendered to the English and was pardoned in return for an agreement to pay 500 beeves to the crown, of which 200 were appropriated by the lord deputy, Sir John Perrot as his perquisite for proposing to make Maguire a captain of the country; this proposal was not carried through, even though Maguire had lodged three pledges for his loyalty in Dublin Castle.

Hugh O’Neil

In 1587 Maguire, along with Art O’Neill’s forces, attacked and plundered a party of Scots which had invaded Down; on their return towards the river Erne, Maguire attacked O’Neill’s men and killed and wounded many of them. In 1588 he was in league with Sir Brian O’Rourke, the Burkes and the Spanish following the wreckage of the Spanish Armada on the north and west coasts of Ireland. Thereafter, he was implicated in the plot of Hugh O’Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, to murder Con MacShane O’Neill, who petitioned the lord deputy, Sir William Fitzwilliam for protection.

During the Nine Years War (Ireland) (1595–1603), Maguire participated in the Battle of Clontibret in 1595, a significant early defeat for the English, and commanded the cavalry at Mullaghbrack in 1596. He sent in his submission to the government later in the year. In 1598 he held a command at the Battle of the Yellow Ford, at which Bagnal was slain and the English army annihilated. In 1599 he helped raid Thomond and took Inchiquin castle. In early 1600 he commanded Tyrone’s cavalry in the Leinster and Munster campaigns. On 18 February he was intercepted within a mile of Cork by Sir Warham St Leger. Maguire slew his opponent, but died within a few hours of the encounter from wounds he had received; his foster father, his priest and all the commanders of his regiment were also killed.

Maguire’s death was a blow to the rebel cause. He had educated and advanced notions of cavalry warfare; so too did St Leger, and their meeting was as much one of minds as of force.

Source: Wiki, Bing


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