Monasticism in Ireland

Gallarus Oratory

In the year 431 Pope Celestine I ordained Palladius as bishop to “the Irish believing in Christ.” This event marks the earliest documentation of Christianity in Ireland. Monasticism became firmly rooted in Ireland by the sixth and seventh centuries and monasteries became important social, political, and religious centers, no doubt due to the fact that large urban centers were not part of the Irish landscape. The earliest monasteries were built out of perishable materials, which were replaced by stone beginning about the late 9th or 10th centuries. Two notable Irish monasteries include Glendalough, located in the Wicklow Mountains, and the Gallarus Oratory on the Dingle Peninsula, Co Kerry.



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